Find the best Hatching Technique for Your Art
Hatching describes the stroke position when drawing. It is indispensable and also comes quite naturally because anyone who has ever drawn has probably also hatched unconsciously.
Hatching is especially good for modeling areas, which mainly consists of drawing shadows. Therefore, it is not uncommon for hatching and shading to be mentioned in the same sentence. If you know the different hatching techniques and use them consciously, shading will also be much easier.
With the different hatching techniques, you can draw several structures and shadows. You can switch between the techniques or choose one that you can stick with for your drawing. It also doesn’t matter whether you draw with ink, pencil, ballpoint pen, or other tools.
In parallel hatching, strokes are drawn parallel to each other. The smaller the distance between the strokes, the darker the area appears.
With cross hatching, the name says it all, because the strokes cross each other. The strokes are crossed in at least two directions. The more strokes that cross, the darker the area becomes.
With a circle hatch, you can draw almost perfect transitions. The important thing here is that the lead of the pencil should not be pointy but flattened because this makes the strokes particularly smooth.
Instead of strokes, dotting works with – well – dots. Dotting is often used when drawing with ink since fine gradients seem to be almost impossible to draw with opaque ink.
As so often in creative work, there are no mandatory rules to follow and you should not think too long about which technique fits best to which drawing but listen to your gut feeling. Nevertheless, I would like to show a few examples so that you get a better idea of the different hatching techniques.
Circle hatching of the skin of a man's face with pencils of different hardness.
Stippling and simple hatching of an ornament from Yerevan (Armenia) with a black fine liner.
Parallel hatching and cross hatching of a fountain in Chișinău (Moldova) with a black fine liner.
Parallel hatching for light shadows, cross hatching for darker shadows in a portrait sketch.
Dotting in a drawing of the largest sand desert in the world Rub al Chali, inspired by a trip to Dubai.
Circle hatching, parallel hatching, and cross hatching mixed in a drawing of a ginseng ficus with a ballpoint pen and colored pencils.